Get sports psychologist Alan Goldberg's take on how athletes can push through training barriers instead of settling for lesser goals when striving to reach a higher level of performance.
Why do athletes have a problem with settling for lesser goals instead of pushing to a higher level?
The first thing a coach has to do is help that athlete get in touch with what's called the "Big Enough Why." They have to know why they're training.
Too many athletes try to trade what they want the most for what they want right this minute.
They say things like, "I don't want to go to practice" or "I'm really hurting right now, and I want to back down." As a coach, you have to keep athletes connected to their "Big Enough Why."
They have to take that "Big Enough Why" into practice. They have to understand what they do today is going to make the difference whether they reach their long-term goals or not. Athletes often lose sight of that connection between training and success.
It's the coach's job to help an athlete have a breakthrough. They have to get players back in touch with why they're doing what they're doing. They have to communicate their own belief that the athletes can accomplish what they have set out to accomplish.
What is the coach's role in this process?
Coaches have to take responsibility and remind athletes why they're doing what they're doing. Give them the impression that they can get beyond what they might think. Sometimes athletes start doubting themselves. Help them believe that they can do a little bit more than they think they can. Push them.
This involves the concept of getting comfortable being uncomfortable, which comes from Advisory Board member Rob Gilbert. If you want to get good at anything, you have to get into the habit of continually stepping outside of your comfort zone. People who stay in their comfort zone go backward.
Let's take endurance training as an example. When your lungs are burning and you want to quit, if you quit then, you are giving in to that urge to get comfortable. When your lungs are burning, you must stay with the training just a little bit longer. Stay with the discomfort. That builds endurance.
What about athletes moving to the next level of high school to college or college to professional?
Every athlete deals with normal feelings of inadequacy: "Do I belong here?" or "I'm not as good as everybody else."
For example, when a kid comes to Olympic trials for the very first time, they feel completely out of place. I tell them, "Great, you're supposed to have those feelings. This means you're moving up to a higher level of competition and you belong with the best."
Every kid is different. The coach makes a judgment on the physical potential and talent level when they first see them. Whether the athlete is living up to his or her potential can be tough to determine.
When working with athletes, are there certain signs that athletes are not doing their best or training up to their max?
Sometimes kids say one thing and do another. They may say their goal is to make all conference, then their behavior says something very different. That's the most visible sign.
Another sign to look for is athletes who just don't walk the talk. They will make excuses for themselves. They might say things like, "The weather sucked today; the wind was blowing too hard" or "The field conditions were terrible" or "The officials made terrible calls."
A general sign is athletes who won't take responsibility. To get comfortable with being uncomfortable, they have to take responsibility for the success of their training. If athletes aren't doing what they should to get to the next level of performance, it's almost always a matter of them not taking responsibility.